Charles D. Alexander
G. K. Beale
I. T. Beckwith
E. W. Bullinger
James B. Coffman
John N. Darby
William Brown Galloway
George Leo Haydock
Ernst Wilhelm Hengstenberg
H. A. Ironside
A. E. Knoch
Paul E. Kretzmann
George Eldon Ladd
John Peter Lange
James M. MacDonald
Fredrick Denison Maurice
J. Ramsey Michaels
Henry M. Morris
William R. Newell
John H. Ogwyn
Ford Cyrinde Ottman
David C. Pack
J. Dwight Pentecost
John A. Pinkston
Vern S. Poythress
James Stuart Russell
Joseph Augustus Seiss
Justin Almerin Smith
John F. Walvoord
And thus I saw the horses in the vision, and them that sat on them, having breastplates of fire, and of jacinth, and brimstone: and the heads of the horses were as the heads of lions; and out of their mouths issued fire and smoke and brimstone.[Rev. 9:17]
On this page, various interpretations of John's prophecy of the Second Woe, and its horses with lions' heads may be quickly compared.
Commentators are listed on the left panel. Simply click on the name to view the comments by that person.
Interpretations by many older commentators were collected and published by Augustus Clissold in The spiritual exposition of the Apocalypse: as derived from the writings of Emanuel Swedenborg (1851).
For Clissold's biography see: Rev. Augustus Clissold 1797 - 1882
Notes about early commentators quoted by Clissold.
Alcasar, Louis de, a Spanish Jesuit, born at Seville a.d. 1554. Was teacher of philosophy and afterwards of divinity at Cordova and at Seville for twenty years. Died at Seville, June 16, a.d. 1613, at the age of 60 years. His work on the Apocalypse is very celebrated.
Ansbert, Ambrose, Presbyter in France in the reign of the Emperor Arnold, and Monk of the order of St. Benedict. Frequently says he was instructed by Christ to understand the obscure mysteries of the Apocalypse. His Commentary is held in much esteem. Died a.d. 778.
Anselm, Archbishop of Canterbury
Anselm Archbishop of Canterbury, born at Aoste in Piedmont, 1034. Was made Archbishop by William II, a.d. 1093. His work on the Apocalypse is entitled, Enarrationes in Apocalypsin; though it is attributed by some to Anselm of Laudun.
St. Thomas Aquinas, born at Aquino (a.d. 1224). His work on the Apocalypse is attributed by some to Thomas Anglicus. The quotations in the present volumes are taken from the copy of the work in the British Museum, and in which it appears under the name of Aquinas himself.
Bede, commonly called The Venerable; born in the neighborhood of Weremouth, in the bishopric of Durham, about a.d. 673, and flourished in the time of Egbert archbishop of York. Died a.d. 735.
Brixianus, Antonius Ricciabdus. Author of Commentaria Symbolica, a kind of supplement to Lauretus, in two volumes; Venice, a.d. 1591.
De Lyra, Nicolas, said to be a converted Jew of the order of the Franciscans. A native of Lire, a village of Normandy. Flourished toward the beginning of the fourteenth century. His Postills on the Scriptures were said to be much esteemed by Luther. In the present volumes, the extracts from these Postills are taken from an edition of the Glossa Ordinaria. See below, Glossa.
Glossa Ordinaria, collected by Strabo, a disciple of Eabanus, from out of the Fathers, a.d. 840.
Dionysius, conunonly called the Areopagite; said to have been the first Bishop of Athens, and a contemporary of the apostle Paul. His history however is uncertain, and whether he was really the author of the remarkable works assigned to him is likewise uncertain; but he is frequently quoted by the best writers. The works ascribed to him treat of the Celestial Hierarchy, and the Divine Names.
Gagneus, Johannis, theologian, and Chancellor of the Academy of Paris; Preacher to his Most Christian King of the French and First Almoner. Author of Scholia on the Epistles and Apocalypse. Ed. 1543.
Gregory the Great
Gregory (Pope), called the Great. The observations upon the Apocalypse scattered throughout his works were collected together by Alulphus, a monk, of Tournay. He died a.d. 604.
Haymo, a disciple of Alcuin and Bishop of Halberstadt, Germany; monk of the Abbey and Monastery of Hirsfelden. Wrote upon all the books of Scripture. Died a.d. 853.
Cornelius a Lapide
Lapide, Cornelius A, Professor of Theology in the Academy of Louvain, and a Jesuit. Author of most celebrated Commentaries on Scripture, published in successive volumes about the beginning of the seventeenth century. The extracts in our present work are taken from the last edition, beginning with a.d. 1633.
Lauretus, Hieronymus, a native of Cervaria, a town on the confines of France and Spain. He was a Benedictine monk of the monastery at Montserrat, and abbot of the monastery of St. Felix Guicciolensis. Author of the work, entitled Sylva Sylvarum totius Scripturæ, being a dictionary of the allegorical senses of words, compiled from out of the writings of the Fathers. The work is scarce and valuable, and deserves to be reprinted. Ed. 1612.
Marloratus, Augustinus, author of A Catholic Exposition upon the Revelation of St. John, collected out of diverse notable writers, compiled at London, a.d. 1574, and mentioned by Cornelius a Lapide.
Rabanus Maurus, Magnentius, a German prelate, born at Fulda, a city of Germany, a.d. 785; a disciple of Alcuin. In 822, elected Abbot of Ftdda; in 847, elected to the Archbishopric of Mentz; died in 856. He was denominated the great light of Gennany and France, and for four centuries his writings were appealed to by the most eminent Latin divines as authority in religious matters. Author of Commentaries on various books of Scripture, also of Scripture Allegories, &c.
Conradus Pellicanus, born a.d. 1478, Professor of Sacred Literature in the School of Zurich. Lived in the time of Erasmus, with whom he had some controversies. Author of Commentaries on the Bible. A supplementary volume to this work, containing a Commentary on the Apocalypse, was written at the request of Pellicanus (see his Life) by Sebastian Meyer, and is quoted in our present work as the Commentary of Pellicanus; but as he was not the real author, it would have been better to substitute for Pellicanus the name of Sebastian Meyer, especially as the circumstance has led in a few places to a slight repetition. This observation applies only to quotations from the Commentaiy on the Apocalypse, but not to those on other parts of the Bible. Died at Zurich, 1556.
Benedictus Pererius, a native of Valencia, in Spain. A learned Jesuit, and author of Commentaries on Daniel, Disputations on several books of Scripture, especially on the first seven chapters of the Apocalypse. Died A.D. 1610.
Ribera, Franciscus, a learned Spanish Jesuit, born a.d. 1537, in the town of Castella Villacastin; wrote commentaries upon various books of the Bible, especially the Apocalypse. Professor of Divinity at the seminary in Salamanca, where he continued till his death in 1591.
Richard of St. Victor
St. Victor, Richardus, a Regular Canon of St. Victor, Paris, and intimate friend of St. Bernard. Author of various works on the Scriptures. Died, 1130.
Rupertus, abbot of the monastery of St. Heribert, Duyz, near Cologne; of the order of St. Benedict. A learned and celebrated commentator, who wrote upon various books of Scripture, and among these the Apocalypse. He flourished in the time of Pope Paschal the Second, A.D. 1116.
Viegas, Blasius, of Lusitania, in Spain, a Jesuit; author of Commentaries on the Apocalypse and other books of Scripture. Died, 1599.
Source: Augustus Clissold. The spiritual exposition of the Apocalypse: as derived from the writings of Emanuel Swedenborg(1851). Vol. II. p. 467ff.
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