OUR Lord and Savior Jesus Christ is now sitting upon David's throne in the heavenlies, and those who are of the true Israel of God, are ruling and reigning with Him as children of the kingdom. This is what we shall consider in this section.
The angel Gabriel was sent of God to proclaim the gracious news to the virgin Mary that she was to be the mother of the Messiah: "And the angel said unto her, Fear not, Mary: for thou hast found favor with God. And, behold, thou shalt conceive in thy womb, and bring forth a son, and shall call his name JESUS. He shall be great, and shall be called the Son of the Highest: and the Lord God shall give unto him the throne of his father David. And he shall reign over the house of Jacob for ever; and of his kingdom there shall be no end" (Luk 1:30-33).
We know from the words of our Lord Himself as He stood before Pilate that the kingdom over which He would rule was not an earthly kingdom, but a spiritual: "Jesus answered, My kingdom is not of this world: if my kingdom were of this world then would my servants fight, that I should not be delivered to the Jews: but now is my kingdom not from hence" (John 18:36). And as the Amplified puts it: "My kingdom [kingly, royal power] belongs not to this world, has no such origin or source here." This to me is very emphatic that our Lord never came to set up an earthly kingdom, and it has never been in His eternal purpose to do so.
In Peter's message on the day of Pentecost in Acts 2, preaching under the inspiration of the Holy Spirit, he said that the prophecy of Christ sitting upon David's throne had been fulfilled. He said that Christ, then and there, was ruling and reigning upon the spiritual throne of David in the heavenlies. "Men and brethren, let me freely speak unto you of the patriarch David, that he is both dead and buried, and his sepulchre is with us unto this day. Therefore being a prophet, and knowing that God had sworn with an oath to him, that of the fruit of his loins, according to the flesh, he would raise up Christ to sit on his throne; he seeing this before spake of the resurrection of Christ, that his soul was not left in hell, neither his flesh did see corruption. This Jesus hath God raised up, whereof we all are witnesses. Therefore being by the right hand of God exalted, and having received of the Father the promise of the Holy Ghost, he hath shed forth this, which ye now see and hear. For David is not ascended into the heavens: but he saith himself, The Lord said unto my Lord, Sit thou on my right hand, until I make thy foes thy footstool. Therefore let all the house of Israel know assuredly, that God hath made that same Jesus, whom ye have crucified, both Lord and Christ" (Acts 2:29-36).
This states without contradiction, that the physical throne of David was a type and shadow of the spiritual throne of the greater David, the Lord Jesus Christ, and this throne is an everlasting throne, not an earthly throne for just 1000 years.
Every promise in the Old Testament where the future throne of David is mentioned (2Sa 7:16; Psa 89:3, 4; Isa 9:6, 7; 55:3; Jer 33:20, 21), and every Scripture in the New Testament confirms Peter's statement of Christ ruling and reigning upon David's spiritual throne in heaven.
Let us look at a few of these in the New Testament. In Acts 5:31 we read: "Him [Christ] hath God exalted with his right hand to be a Prince and a Saviour." "By the resurrection of Jesus Christ: who is gone into heaven, and is on the right hand of God; angels and authorities and powers being made subject unto him" (1Pe 3:21, 22). "Wherefore God hath highly exalted him, and given him a name which is above every name: that at the name of Jesus every knee should bow, of things in heaven, and things in earth, and things under the earth; and that every tongue should confess that Jesus Christ is Lord to the glory of God the Father" (Phil 2:9-11). "Which he wrought in Christ, when he raised him from the dead, and set him at his own right hand in the heavenly places, far above all principality, and power, and might, and dominion, and every name that is named, not only in this world, but also in that which is to come: and hath put all things under his feet, and gave him to be the head over all things to the church, which is his body, the fullness of him that filleth all in all" (Eph 1:20-23). "All power [all authority] is given unto me in heaven and in earth" (Mat 28:18). We have the complete picture of Christ ruling and reigning as Lord, as King over His people.
Having established the fact that Christ, the seed and offspring of David after the flesh, sits upon the throne of David in heaven, let us look at the promise made to David that his throne would be established for ever. This is set forth in 2 Samuel 7:16, "And thine house and thy kingdom shall be established for ever before thee: thy throne shall be established for ever." In verse 12 we see the promises were to be fulfilled through David's seed, and the Seed is Christ, "which was made of the seed of David" (Rom 1:3).
God promised that the seed of David would "build an house for my name, and I will establish the throne of his kingdom for ever" (2Sa 7:13). The natural fulfillment of that promise came about when David's son, Solomon, built the first temple in Israel, but of course, disobedience caused Solomon's temple, throne and kingdom to crumble and disappear rather than survive for ever. The complete fulfillment of the promises to David occurred after Christ's death, resurrection and ascension (Acts 2:29-36).
We see then, that the house or temple which Solomon built for God's name was a natural type of the greater spiritual house of God, the church, true Israel--which was, and is, built by One "greater than Solomon" (Luk 11:31). Christ said: "I will build my church" (Mat 16:18); and for more than 19 centuries He has been doing exactly that, thus fulfilling God's promise that the seed would "build an house for my name" (Eph 2:19-22).
It is clear from Scripture that all the promises made to David have been fulfilled in Christ, and that Christ Jesus our Lord rules and reigns now upon His throne, which fulfills Gabriel's words in Luke 1:32, 33: "He shall be great, and shall be called the Son of the Highest: and the Lord God shall give unto him the throne of his father David: and he shall reign over the house of Jacob [over those who have the God of Jacob for their refuge, Psalm 46:7,11] for ever; and of His Kingdom there shall be no end."
Our Lord, in the parable given in Luke 19:12-27, says in verse 12, "A certain nobleman went into the far country to receive for himself a kingdom and to return." Here He was speaking of Himself, as He did receive this kingdom over which He rules and reigns. "Then cometh the end, when he shall have delivered up the kingdom to God, even the Father; when he shall have put down all rule and all authority and power. For he must reign, till he hath put all enemies under his feet. The last enemy that shall be destroyed is death. For he hath put all things under his feet" (1Co 15:24-27).
These Scriptures agree with all that we are speaking of, for we are told here that our blessed Lord did receive a kingdom when He went back to glory. He did rule from heaven sitting upon David's spiritual throne and, praise His holy name, He still rules. God the Father gave Him this kingdom and He will reign until all things are put under His feet, even death (Eph 1:22, 1Co 15:26).
But notice, in these verses there is no time, no seven years, no thousand years, between 1 Corinthians 15:23 and 24. In verse 23, Christ is spoken of as the firstfruits of the resurrection. This was when He arose from the dead and went back to glory to receive His kingdom, to sit upon His throne and send the love-gift of His Spirit to His church as His reward for paying their sindebt in full, to equip His church for its task in the world, and to fill His people with his Spirit as their indwelling salvation. It is stated further in that 23rd verse: "Afterward, they that are Christ's at his coming." Here we have His Second Coming, that blessed hope of the true Israel of God, His church, when He shall come for them and "we shall for ever be with the Lord" (1Th 4:17). Notice verse 24: "Then cometh the end." There is no mention of any time period between our Lord's Second Coming and the end of this age when He shall deliver up the kingdom to the Father. Why? Because there is none, and the rest of the New Testament agrees with this (Acts 3:19-21; John 5:28, 29).
The Greek word here denotes sequence of time: "then," next. What is the next order of events; it is the end of this age when Christ's work as Mediator will be brought to an end and He delivers up the kingdom to the Father. Acts 3:19-21, "Repent ye therefore, and be converted, that your sins may be blotted out, when the times of refreshing shall come from the presence of the Lord; and He shall send Jesus Christ, which before was preached unto you: whom the heaven must receive [hold, retain] until the times of restitution of all things [until the final recovery of all things from sin which requires His office of Mediator], which God hath spoken by the mouth of all his holy prophets since the world began."
If you would carefully study the following Scriptures, you would note that all refer to the same Person and the same event, the Second Coming of Christ; and all of these are associated with the resurrection and the end of all things, for certainly there can be nothing beyond the last day and the last hour:
The last day (John 6:39-40,44, 54)
The day of the Lord (Acts 2:20; 1Thess 5:2; 2Pet 3:10)
The day of the Lord Jesus (1Cor 5:5; 2Cor 1:14)
The day of the Lord Jesus Christ (1Cor 1:8)
The day of Jesus Christ (Phil 1:6)
The day of Christ (Phil 1:10, 2:16; 2Thess 2:2)
The day of God (2Pet 3:12; Rev 16:14)
That day ()
In the day (Rom 2:16)
His day (Luke 17:24)
The revelation of Christ (2Thess 1:7; 1Pet 1:7)
The appearing of Christ ( 1Tim 4:1-8, 6:14)
The coming of Christ (1Cor 15:23; 1Thess 2:19; Jas 5:7)
That hour (Mat 24:36,42, 25:13; Mark 13:32)
An hour (Luke 12:40,46)
The hour (John 5:28)
What hour (Rev 3:3)
Let us go further. The kingdom of God is not a natural, earthly, political kingdom that will be established at some uncertain date in a little country in the Near East. No, it is a present, eternal, universal, immoveable and spiritual kingdom. Taken in its proper context, the Greek word translated "kingdom" in the New Testament does not mean a physical kingdom with a specific and limited location; it means the rule or reign or authority of God in the hearts and lives of His people, His church, the true Israel of God.
Again repeating what we said earlier: 1 Corinthians 15:45 and 46 teaches that God has always worked on the principle of "first the natural, then the spiritual." Here in regard to the kingdom of David and his seed, the greater David, this holds true. The kingdom of David, king of Israel, was a natural kingdom; the kingdom of God, manifested by Christ, the greater David, is a spiritual kingdom. It is the Lordship of Christ in the hearts of His people; it is His authority guiding and directing their lives. You see, when we read the words, "the kingdom of God," we should read them as "the authority of God" or "the Lordship of God."
Let us illustrate again by comparison. The kingdom of David was a kingdom of physical things like meat and drink, but the kingdom of God, the Lordship or authority of God, is not meat and drink, but righteousness, and peace, and joy in Holy Spirit (Rom 14:17). The kingdom of David was a visible kingdom; it could be seen and observed. But, "the kingdom of God cometh not with observation...for, behold, the kingdom of God [the Lordship or authority of God] is within you" (Luk 17:20, 21).
The kingdom of David was a kingdom of this world, but the kingdom of God, the Lordship or authority of God, "is not of this world" (John 18:36). You could see the kingdom of David from adjoining countries and enter it by crossing its boundaries, but "except a man be born again, he cannot see the kingdom of God [the Lordship or authority of God]...except a man be born of water and of the Spirit, he cannot enter into the kingdom of God [the Lordship or authority of God]" (John 3:3,5).
All of this proves to me that the dispensationalist theory, that Christ came to re-establish the old Davidic kingdom at His first coming, and thereby bring "good government" to the world is all wrong. It is equally wrong to believe that He will come a second time to rule with a "literal" rod of iron and to reform society by enforcing high moral and ethical standards that the world otherwise was, and is, unwilling to obey. Our Lord said Himself in Mark 10:43 that enforced government is not God's way, but man's way of rule. His way is working quietly in the hearts of His people by His Holy Spirit-- drawing them into His kingdom with cords of love, making them willing to bow at His feet in humble confession and repentance, and taking His yoke upon them as an act of faith and obedience. Why? because they are His sheep, whom He knows and calls by their names.
Also being a spiritual kingdom, the King who rules over it sits upon a throne that is "for ever and ever," and has a "scepter of righteousness" (Heb 1:8); He is crowned with glory and honor (Heb 2:9); He is the "King eternal, immortal, invisible, the only wise God" and to Him belongs "honor and glory for ever and ever" (1Ti 1:17); He is a priestly King "after the order of Melchisedec... King of righteousness, and King of peace" (Heb 6:20-7:2). Also, He is King of kings and Lord of lords" (Rev 17:14).
Again the Scriptures picture Christ as "the Lion of the tribe of Judah, the Root of David" (Rev 5:5), who has chosen and continues to call out "a kingdom of priests" (1Pe 2:9; Rev 1:6; 5:10) to "show forth the praises of him who hath called them out of darkness into his marvellous light" (1Pe 2:9). These people, the church, the true Israel of God, "have been translated into the kingdom of his dear Son" (Col 1:13) and according to Romans 5:17, they reign in this life with Him. How? by His power given unto them. They reign over sin, the world, their circumstances, pain, adversity, tragedy and even death itself. They are "more than conquerors through him that loved them" (Rom 8:37).
Yes, the true Israel of God sings praises unto Him that sits upon the throne saying: "Thou wast slain, and hast redeemed us to God by thy blood out of every kindred, and tongue, and people, and nation; and hast made us unto our God kings and priests: and we shall reign on the earth" (Rev 5:9, 10). Yes, we do reign and as we reign we shout with all the redeemed of all ages who make up the true Israel of God: "Alleluia, salvation, and glory, and honor, and power, unto the Lord our God...For the Lord God omnipotent reigneth" (Rev 19:1, 6).