Symbolic mountains

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The Creation Concept


Symbolic mountains

Mountains of the Bible

Strange things happen to mountains

Overview of the mountains of prophecy

Mountains of Israel in Ezekiel 36

Biblical mountains in context

Ezekiel's mountains

Interpreting Old Testament Promises

Hidden Riches of Cyrus

Treasures of darkness

On abstaining from strong meat

What happened in the valley of Shittim

W.L. Alexander on Prophecy

Relation of the Old to the New Dispensation, by J. A. Alexander

Symbolism and the gospel

The mountains of prophecy

Biblical Mountains in Context

The scriptures are pictured by a lamp, [Psa. 119:105] rain and snow, [Isa. 55:10-11] fire, [Jer. 5:14; 23:29] seed, [Luke 8:11] water, [Eph. 5:26] a sword, [Eph. 6:17] and Jesus said that they testify of Him. [John 5:39]

There are two parts to the scriptures, the Old and New Testaments. The scriptures are a "witness" to Christ, as one who testifies is a "witness." Jesus said the Spirit also testifies of Him. [John 15:26] They are two witnesses. Portions of the scriptures are represented by mountains. Mount Siani is symbolic of the Mosaic legislation. [Gal. 4:24]

In scripture, mountains often represent the promises of God, and prophecies. Mount Zion is symbolic of the church. [Heb. 12:22] David said God's righteousness is like great mountains. [Psa. 36:6] Paul said the gospel reveals God's righteousness. [Rom. 1:16-17] The kingdom of God is a mountain, that grows to fill the earth. [Dan. 2:35] Isaiah said Jerusalem and mount Zion would be raised up above the hills to the top of the mountains. [Isa. 2:2] In the New Testament, they are located in heaven.

Invaders from many nations come against the mountains of Israel. [Ezek. 38:8] Locust invaders leap on the tops of mountains. [Joel 2:5] The mountains of Israel (promises of God, and prophecies) are possessed by heathen, and made desolate, and "are taken up in the lips of talkers, and are an infamy of the people." [Ezek. 36:3] Edom, the long-time enemy of Israel, claims to possess the mountains of Israel. [Ezek. 36:5]

Invaders from all nations come against Jerusalem, in the day of the Lord. [Zech. 14:1-2] Jerusalem represents the church, which has become divided, and people are captive to many delusions. The nations are deceived, and come against the church. [Rev. 20:8-9] The Lord will fight against them. [Zech. 14:3] The Mount of Olives is cleaved in the midst. [Zech. 14:4] Here, the Mount of Olives represents Olivet prophecy of Jesus, which has been misinterpreted in two ways: preterism and dispensationalism; the saints need to flee to the valley between those displaced mountains.

The mountains hear of God's controversy with his people. [Mic. 6:2] The mountains and all walls are thrown down. [Ezek. 38:20] The invaders will fall upon the mountains of Israel. [Ezek. 39:4]

The scriptures are called the sword of the Spirit. [Eph. 6:17] Christ is depicted as having a sharp, two-edged sword coming from his mouth. [Rev. 1:16; 2:16; 19:15,16] The scriptures discern our thoughts, and the intent of our hearts. "For the word of God is quick, and powerful, and sharper than any twoedged sword, piercing even to the dividing asunder of soul and spirit, and of the joints and marrow, and is a discerner of the thoughts and intents of the heart." [Heb. 4:12]

A sword is a weapon, designed to be used for cutting flesh, and drawing blood, and killing one's foe. It is symbolic of the scriptures, as the scriptures contain Christ's words against His spiritual foes, and the enemies of the gospel. The scriptures don't cut literal flesh, or draw literal blood, although wars have sometimes been fought over them. Spiritual foes are represented in prophecy by armies wielding swords. The saints are represented by Israel, and Jerusalem, and Mount Zion, and their enemies by Gentile invaders.

God's sword is bathed in heaven. [Isa. 34:5] The "heavens shall be rolled together as a scroll" is a prophecy about the scientific revolution, that confirms the scriptures. The heavens ceased their revolutions, when the diurnal rotation was assigned to the earth. [Isa. 34:4, Rev. 6:14]

The mountains of Israel, representing the promises of God, will be possessed by Israel, which is the church. [Ezek. 36:12] The mountains will become fruitful. [Ezek. 36:8] The mountains will sing. [Isa. 44:23; 49:13; 55:12] The mountains will be soaked, or melted, with the blood of the armies of the nations. [Isa. 34:3]

The church is pictured by the city of Jerusalem, as the throne of David was there, and Jesus has inherited the throne of David. [Luke 1:32] Jesus called Jerusalem "the city of the great King." [Mat. 5:35] The city of Jerusalem has endured for thousands of years, like the church. It varies in size and fortunes in different generations. Jesus said, "Ye are the light of the world. A city that is set on an hill cannot be hid." [Mat. 5:14]

Living water goes forth from Jerusalem, [Zech. 14:8] and water flows from house of God, (both symbolic of the church) and waters the valley of Shittim, [Joel 3:18] where the Israelites had camped, before they entered the promised land, and committed fornication. [Num. 25:1] A river of water flows from the threshold of the house of God. [Ezek. 47:1-12]

Paul said, "For we wrestle not against flesh and blood, but against principalities, against powers, against the rulers of the darkness of this world, against spiritual wickedness in high places." [Eph. 6:12]

Locusts are not wounded by swords; [Joel 2:8] the swords represent words, and doctrines. The war in heaven is between angels. [Rev. 12:7] The beast from the bottomless pit makes war with the two witnesses. [Rev. 11:7] It is not a literal "beast," but a spirit, which makes war against "two olive trees," and "two candlesticks." The two witnesses are overcome, and killed, but they later revive. If the two witnesses are the scriptures, and the Spirit of God, the scriptures and the Spirit have "bodies" in Rev 11:8. Their corpses are left unburied in the street. The city referred to here is not Jerusalem, as Christ was crucified outside Jerusalem. [Heb. 13:12] Rather, it is mystical Babylon, the world. These corpses are not literal bodies. The holy scriptures appear to many like unburied corpses, as they are not believed, and have been made ineffective, by flawed interpretations.

All nations in Isa. 34:2-3 are slain, and their corpses are left unburied. Again, these corpses are not literal, but the ideas of men; delusions. The delusion of a rigid heaven, and geocentricity are examples. These are abandoned delusions, old beliefs shown to be false. The hordes of Gog and Magog are given to birds and beasts, to be devoured. [Ezek. 39:4] Their corpses are buried over 7 months period. [Ezek. 39:12] Their weapons are burned for 7 years. [Ezek. 39:9] Obviously, the burial of corpses for 7 months is not literal. The corpses are metaphors, perhaps representing discarded beliefs of men, former delusions.

God's sword drips with blood, [Isa 34:6] but the blood is not literal blood, because the "sword" is not literal. The hordes of Gog and Magog are armed with swords, and bows and arrows. [Ezek. 38:4] Their swords are their words, and their arrows are "bitter words." [Psa. 64:3]

The hordes of Gog and Magog ride upon horses. [Ezek. 38:15] Horses are symbolic of people who lack understanding. [Psa. 32:9] Also people who are carnally minded. [Jer. 5:8] The locusts in Joel look like horses. [Joel 2:4] Horses are affected by the plague that afflicts enemies of the church. [Zech. 14:15] The plague affects the eyes, the tongue, and the flesh. [Zech. 14:12] It also affects asses, camels, and mules. Camels were beasts of burden, perhaps they represent rich men. [Luke 18:25]

The stink from unburied corpses comes up. [Isa 34:3] The stink of the locusts, the northern army, comes up also. [Joel 2:20] The smell of the rotting corpses of the hordes of Gog and Magog "stops the noses of the passengers." [Ezek. 39:11] This refers to an evil reputation. [Gen. 34:30]

The locusts make a noise like chariots, [Joel 2:5] a loud clattering sound. There is no intelligence in that noise. They don't thrust one another, and don't break their ranks. [Joel 2:8]

The enemies of the saints fight each other. "Every man's sword shall be against his brother." [Ezek. 38:21] "And it shall come to pass in that day, that a great tumult from the LORD shall be among them; and they shall lay hold every one on the hand of his neighbour, and his hand shall rise up against the hand of his neighbour." [Zech 14:13] The historical precedent for this was Gideon's battle against the Midianites and Amalekites. [Judg. 7:22]

When the nations come against the church, and against the mountains of Israel or the promises given to the church, fire from heaven falls upon them. [Ezek. 38:22, Rev. 20:9] They all fall by the sword. [Ezek. 39:23] Their flesh is eaten by birds and beasts, [Ezek. 39:17-19, Rev. 19:21] in a sacrifice to God.

In the Old Testament, "to be meat for the fowls of the heaven, and for the beasts of the earth" was commonly used as a figure for victory over ones' enemy in a contest or war. [Deut. 28:25-26; 1 Sam. 17:44,46; Psa. 79:2; Jer. 7:33; 16:3-4; 19:6-7] To be left unburied, and to be devoured by animals, was a great indignity. [Eccl. 6:3]

After the flood, Noah sacrificed animals and birds, [Gen. 8:20] but here, at the end of the age, birds and beasts are invited to feast.  I think it pictures the victory of Christ over all enemies. And there is a spiritual sacrifice involved when men worship God. Paul wrote: "I beseech you therefore, brethren, by the mercies of God, that ye present your bodies a living sacrifice, holy, acceptable unto God, which is your reasonable service." [Rom. 12:1] Joel says the Spirit of God will be poured out on all flesh. [Joel 2:28]

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