Catastrophic Flood Dynamic Database

Western Europe

Crag-and-tails: Sir James Hall, in 1812-1814, published his classic interpretation of the streamlined crag-and-tails around Edinburgh, Scotland, claiming they were caused by catastrophic waves or currents from the sea, generated by earthquakes.
Hall, Sir James. 1815. On the revolutions of the earth's surface. Transactions of the Royal Society of Edinburgh, 7:139-212.
Hall's thesis in document format can be obtained here.

Evidence of erosion by catastrophic currents has been identified in the English Channel [Smith, 1985 p. 72]. Deep channels or canyons have been scoured out on the sea floor. The largest one, called the Hurd Deep, is 330 feet deeper than the surrounding sea floor, and over 93 miles in length.

Smith,  A.J. 1985,  A Catastrophic Origin for the Paleovalley System of the Eastern English Channel.  Geology 64 p. 72
The Flandrian Transgression refers to a period when the sea covered parts of northwestern Europe, for example in the Netherlands, where extensive clays and silts were deposited.
Filby, F. 1970. The Flood Reconsidered. Pickering and Inglis Ltd., London.
© 1999 by Douglas E. Cox
The Creation Concept